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The link between diabetes and thyroid problems (and what you can do)

2019-06-14 Health No comment

Diabetic patients have an increased risk of developing thyroid disease. In the general population, approximately 6% of people develop thyroid problems in some form or other form. However, this percentage has increased to more than 10% in diabetic patients.

In fact, thyroid disease is very common in the Western world… Second only to diabetes is the most common condition affecting the endocrine system.

The Endocrine System It is a group of glands, secret hormones, that help regulate the use of nutrients by cells, that is, these glands play a central role in the normal functioning of metabolism.

Thyroid dysfunction can have a major impact on the control of diabetes… Untreated thyroid disease increases the risk of diabetic complications and can exacerbate the symptoms of diabetes.

However, thyroid problems can be easily diagnosed by simple blood tests and effective treatment can be performed. Anyone with diabetes should be regularly screened for thyroid disease.

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid Between your Adam's apple and your collarbone, the air tube around your neck is surrounded by a butterfly. It produces two hormones, T3 and T4, which set the speed for your metabolism… Your heart beat speed, breathing depth, body temperature and how the body uses insulin are all thyroid-related functions.

Hyperthyroidism That is, producing too much thyroid hormone increases insulin resistance, while Hypothyroidism Too little hormone is produced, which will increase cholesterol.

Hypothyroidism is more common than hyperthyroidism.

Both low thyroid and high thyroid gland greatly increase the risk of heart disease.

Symptoms of thyroid problems

Symptoms vary by age and gender, and whether you have hyperthyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism include feeling tired, feeling cold, gaining weight, experiencing depression, dry hair and dry skin, and constipation.

People with hyperthyroidism like weight loss, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating, muscle weakness and diarrhea.

As the thyroid becomes larger, hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can cause goiter and neck swelling.

Many of the symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. For example, one symptom of a thyroid problem is cold feet. But people with type 2 diabetes can easily mistake this symptom for diabetic neuropathy.

Testing thyroid problems

Because you cannot determine if you have a thyroid problem with your symptoms alone, you should check your thyroid gland regularly through a blood test. This is usually done by testing TSH [the hormone that stimulates the thyroid] in the blood.

TSH is a hormone used by the pituitary gland to tell the thyroid gland to work. If the thyroid function is low, the level of TSH in the blood will be high, indicating that your thyroid should produce more thyroid hormone. If the thyroid is overactive, the TSH will be low and try to slow down.

TSH levels between 0.4 and 4.0 mU / L [ml / liter] are considered normal. But some people may have significant low thyroid function, with a TSH of 2.0-4.0 mU / L. This range of levels may have raised your lipids to harmful levels and possibly your blood sugar. In some European countries, patients with TSH higher than 2.0 mU / L can take thyroid medication.

How to manage thyroid problems

You have to do three things to manage your thyroid problems… take regular tests… take prescription drugs, and… eat a thyroid-friendly diet.

test … According to the American Diabetes Association [ADA], anyone diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should check for thyroid disease and then check it every five years. Those with type 1 diabetes should be screened annually. It is also a good idea to test whenever your blood sugar level changes unexplained.

medicine Hypothyroidism can be treated with levothyroxine, a synthetic thyroid hormone produced and released by the thyroid gland. However, you must try different doses to find the dose that works best for you, which can take several months.

But levothyroxinen doesn't work for everyone. However, other drugs such as liothyronine can also be used.

Please note that it is very important to take thyroid medications at the same time every day.

Hyperthyroidism also has medical and surgical treatments.

diet … eating the right food will be different.

iodine It is the most important nutrient for the thyroid gland. It is added to most commercially sold salts in Europe and North America. If you use other, more specialized salts or no salt, you may need to consume more iodine. Marine vegetables [seaweed] and marine animals are the best sources.

Medicine, food and exercise

The most common form of thyroid problem is hypothyroidism, a poor performance of hypothyroidism.

Get the thyroid acceleration you should:

medicine …take the correct dose as directed by your doctor. Do not skip the dose and take it at the same time of day. Taking it at different times of the day prevents it from working as expected. Because you may have to accept it for the rest of your life and make it part of your daily life.

Take thyroid drugs on an empty stomach. Food can reduce its absorption, especially for foods with high fiber content. High-fiber foods are good for you, so don't stop eating them… just eat them a few hours before or after taking the thyroid medication.

Avoid taking calcium supplements or supplements that contain iron [such as multivitamins] and thyroid medications because they also prevent the absorption of the drug.

food … Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage can affect the production of thyroid hormones. These are very healthy foods, so you must continue to eat them… just don't eat them while you are taking them. Cooking these vegetables seems to reduce this effect.

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Soy food …soybean contains from

Genistein, This can reduce the production of thyroid hormones… and, you should continue to eat them and limit them several times a week.

Eat foods that promote the production of thyroid hormones. These foods contain nutrients such as B vitamins, selenium, zinc, tyrosine and iodine. Poultry, seafood, lean meat, whole wheat, onions, beans, almonds, avocados, seeds and low-fat dairy products may help.

Avoid or limit fat and sugary foods…just like you control diabetes.

Observe your weight. Don't overstate it. If you need to lose weight, reduce how much you eat.

Iron deficiency is one of the causes of hypothyroidism. If you have hypothyroidism, ask your doctor to check your iron levels.

Do not take dietary supplements, such as iodine supplements, to treat thyroid problems without prior discussion with your doctor. In addition, do not stop taking thyroid drugs, and hope to "treat" hypothyroidism through diet.

exercise … there is no need to solve your thyroid function [or your diabetes], but it helps with this process. Staying healthy with your daily exercise will increase your efforts… and you will feel better.

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