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4 ways diabetes can affect your eyes

2019-05-14 Health No comment

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when blood sugar levels in the body become too high and can affect people of all ages. Diabetes has various side effects, a condition that should be taken seriously and closely monitored. Taking care of your eyes is critical when you have diabetes, as this can cause eye problems that can lead to deterioration and potentially irreversible eye damage if not properly taken care of. In this article, I will introduce four ways in which diabetes can affect the eye.

  1. Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is probably the most common complication of diabetes and must be taken seriously as it can lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina, which is the back of the eye. The retina is part of the eye, which converges the light we see into a signal that is sent to the brain through the optic nerve, which is then processed by the brain into the image we see. Diabetic retinopathy is caused by a blockage, leakage or abnormal increase in small blood vessels on the retina due to high blood sugar levels. There are 3 types of diabetic retinopathy;

  1. Background diabetic retinopathy from

     – This type is an early change in the retina that usually does not affect vision, but must be carefully monitored to make sure it doesn't get worse.

  2. Diabetic macular degeneration from

     – This type is when the background diabetic retinopathy forms on or around the macula. The macula is essential for providing good vision because it provides central vision. Diabetic macular degeneration can affect vision.

  3. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy from

     – This type is caused by the deterioration of background diabetic retinopathy. When the above two types of blood vessels are damaged or blocked in a large area, they cause a decrease in blood supply to the retina. The body tries to make up for this by growing new blood vessels on the surface of the retina, but these blood vessels are often very weak and bleeding, which in turn affects vision. Bleeding can also cause scarring and pulling the retina, which can cause the retina to detach. Although retinal detachment can be repaired, sometimes this may not be possible, resulting in impaired vision or blindness.

  1. cataract

Although the development of cataracts is very common and part of the natural aging process of the eye, diabetics can develop cataracts earlier and faster. Cataracts are caused by aging of the eyes and become cloudy and stiff. The symptoms of cataracts are often blurred vision, glare or halo, especially at night. Cataract is usually removed by cataract surgery and an artificial intraocular lens is implanted at its location to restore vision.

  1. glaucoma

Glaucoma is caused by increased eye pressure. Pressure is generated when the liquid in the eye does not discharge properly. This can result in damage to blood vessels and nerves in the eye, resulting in impaired vision, which can lead to blindness if not properly monitored and treated. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to develop a rare glaucoma called neovascular glaucoma. This type of rare glaucoma is caused by the development and growth of new blood vessels on the iris, which is the colored part of the eye, and these block the normal flow of eye fluid, which in turn increases the internal pressure of the eye. Although conventional types of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops and surgery can be performed if needed, neovascular glaucoma is difficult to treat and it may be necessary to use laser surgery or implants to control glaucoma.

  1. Blurred vision

Blurred vision may be caused by other factors, such as cataracts, but when you have diabetes, it can sometimes be caused by an imbalance in blood sugar levels, which is easy to correct. High blood sugar levels can cause the lens in the eye to swell, creating a blurred vision effect. To treat this, you may only need to restore your blood glucose levels to a manageable range. Blurring vision can take months to disappear. If your vision is blurred, make an appointment with your GP and optician or eye clinic so they can be sure it won't get worse.

Remember, if you have diabetes, check your eyes regularly. Everyone over the age of 12 with diabetes should be invited to participate in an annual diabetes eye exam. It is important not to miss this. Early detection of diabetic eye disease can save your eyesight.

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